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It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdalewhich had a population ofin The ancient parish of Rochdale was a division of the hundred of Salford and one of the largest ecclesiastical parishes in England, comprising several townships.
ByRochdale had become important enough to have been granted a Royal charter. Rochdale flourished into a centre of northern England 's woollen trade, and by the early 18th century was described as being "remarkable for many wealthy merchants". It was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolutionand amongst the first industrialised towns. The socioeconomic change brought by the success of Rochdale's textile industry in the bibliography writer services united kingdom century led to its rise to borough status and it remained a dominant settlement in its region.
The Pioneers were notable for combining the notion of the patronage dividend alongside investing trading surplus for member benefit, especially in education. The Rochdale Principlesthe set of ideals which underpinned the society, are still used, in updated form, by the International Co-operative Alliance.
Rochdale today is a predominantly residential town. Rochdale Town Hall —a Grade I listed building —dates from and is one of the United Kingdom's finest examples of Victorian Gothic revival architecture. The name is derived from Old English reced meaning "hall", and hama "homestead". Over time, the name changed to Rachedale and eventually Rochdale. A Roman roadleading from Mamucium Manchester to Eboracum Yorkcrossed the moors bibliography writer services united kingdom Blackstone Edge.
The custom creative essay writer services gb that Castleton is named after, and of which no trace remains, was one of twelve Saxon forts possibly destroyed in frequent conflicts that bibliography writer services united kingdom between the Saxons and Danes during the 10th and 11th centuries.
At the time of the Norman Conquest the manor was held by a Saxon thegnGamel. Before Henry II granted the manor to Roger de Lacy whose family retained it as part of the Honour of Clitheroe until it passed to the Dukes of Lancaster by marriage and then by to the Crown.
Rochdale had no manor house but the "Orchard" built in and acquired in by Simon Dearden was the home of the lords of the manor after It was described as "a red-brick building of no architectural distinction, on the north side of the river opposite the town hall" and sometimes referred to as the Manor House. It was demolished in The manufacture of woollen cloth, particularly baizebibliography writer services united kingdom and flannelswas important bibliography writer services united kingdom the reign of Henry VIII.
At this time the industry was rooted in the domestic system but towards the end of the 18th century mills powered by water were built. Water power was replaced by steam power in the 19th century and coal mines, mostly drift mineswere opened where coal from the lower coal measures outcropped around the town. The Deardens who were bibliography writer services united kingdom of the manor were among the local coal owners. It was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolutionand amongst the first ever industrialised towns.
Most of the out-of-school scenes in the series were filmed around Rochdale, and many of the pupils' homes seen on television were council houses in the Kirkholt area which were mostly bibliography writer services united kingdom in the early postwar years. The final scenes to be shot at the Hilltop Primary site were filmed in November In Aprilfilming on the eighth series began on location at the new Waterloo Road set, the former Greenock Academy in GreenockScotland.
Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th centuryRochdale was recorded in as held by Gamel, one of the twenty-one thegns of the Hundred of Salfordshire. Hundersfield was later divided into four townships: Blatchinworth, CalderbrookWardleworth and Wuerdle and Wardle. Excluding the large chapelry of Saddleworthwhich lay entirely in Yorkshirethe parish of Rochdale had an area of The town became part of a parliamentary borough in Under the terms of the Poor Law Amendment Act Rochdale became the head of Rochdale Poor Law Union which was established on 15 February despite considerable local opposition.
In most of Castleton Urban District was added to the borough; this urban district included parts of Castleton, Hopwood and Thornham townships. In parts of Norden Urban District and Birtle with Bamford civil parish were added to the borough. The municipal boroughs of Middleton and Heywood and LittleboroughMilnrow and Wardle urban districts are now part of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdaleone of the ten metropolitan boroughs in Greater Manchester.
Sahiwal council has received click at this page gifts like fire brigade trucks, bibliography writer services united kingdom and grants for hospitals from the people of Rochdale. The constituency was held for two decades during the 20th century by Cyril Smithfirst of the Liberal Party and then of the Liberal Democrats. Blackstone EdgeSaddleworth Moor and the South Pennines are close to the east, whilst on all other sides, Rochdale is bound by smaller towns, including WhitworthLittleboroughLinkRoytonHeywood and Shaw and Cromptonwith little or no green space between them.
Rochdale experiences a temperate maritime climatelike much of the British Isleswith relatively cool summers and mild winters. There is regular but generally light precipitation throughout the year.
Rochdale's housing stock is mixed, but has a significant amount of stone or red-brick terraced houses from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Rochdale's Town Hallseven large tower blocks locally nicknamed 'The Seven Sisters' and a number of former cotton mills mark the town's skyline. The urban structure of Rochdale is regular when compared to most towns in Englandits form restricted in places by its hilly upland terrain.
Much of Rochdale's built environment is centred around a central business district in the town centrewhich is the local centre of commerce. There is a mixture of high-density urban areassuburbssemi-rural and rural locations in Rochdale, but overwhelmingly the land use in the town is urban. For purposes of the Office for National Statisticsit forms the fifth largest settlement of the Greater Manchester Urban Area the United Kingdom's third largest conurbation.
The M62 motorway passes to the south and southwest of Rochdale. Two heavy rail lines enter Rochdale from the east, joining at Rochdale railway station before continuing southwards to the city of Manchester.
At the UK censusRochdale had a population of 95, The population increased from 95, in Rochdale is one of four townships in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale along with MiddletonHeywood and Pennine a township which includes Littleborough bibliography writer services united kingdom Wardle.
Rochdale is considered an Urban Subdivision by the local borough council. Rochdale town also has almost double the percentage of Asians compared with the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdalewhich had a population ofin Rochdale Town Hall is a Victorian era town hall "widely recognised as being one of the finest municipal buildings in the country".
Built in the Gothic Revival style it was inaugurated on 27 September The architect, William Henry Crosslandwon a competition held in Art critic Nikolaus Pevsner described the building as possessing a "rare picturesque beauty".
It commemorates those who died in conflicts since the First World War — The monument and surrounding gardens were designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. It was built in in Byzantine Revival style and is a Grade II listed building. The earliest routes around Rochdale were tracks and packhorse routes and a paved track over Blackstone Edge into Yorkshire that had Roman origins. The M62 motorway to the south of the town is accessed via the A Mwhich starts at Sandbrook Park in Rochdale and runs to Elk Mill in Chadderton.
The A M provides drivers a quick access to the M62 and to Oldham. The idea for the Rochdale Canal emerged in bibliography writer services united kingdom, when James Brindley was commissioned to survey possible routes between Sowerby Bridge and Manchester.
Here it was not until 4 April that an Act of Parliament was obtained. The broad canal which linked the Bridgewater Canal in Manchester with the Aire and Calder Navigation at Sowerby Bridge became a major artery of commerce between Lancashire and Yorkshire for cotton, wool, coal, limestone, timber, and salt.
The canal fell into disuse and re-opened in bibliography writer services united kingdom years bibliography writer services united kingdom neglect, including its division by a motorway.
Demand from the cross-Pennine trade to support local Sie top dissertation hypothesis writer website for college binwool and silk industries led to bibliography writer services united kingdom building of the Manchester and Leeds Railway which opened in from Manchester to Littleboroughand from Normanton to Hebden Bridge in The linking section opened on completion of the Summit Tunnel in Rochdale railway station is about a mile south of the town centre.
Trains run to Manchester Editing for essay top persuasive site mbaHalifaxDewsburyBradford and Leeds. A new service to Burnley and Accrington commenced in The service to Manchester Victoria on the Oldham Loop line ended in Octoberin preparation for conversion of the line to an extension of the Metrolink light rail system, renamed top content proofreading website the Oldham and Rochdale Line.
It was deferred in on grounds of cost but in July plans were approved for the extension from Manchester Victoria as far as Rochdale railway station, and opened bibliography writer services united kingdom 28 February The extension to Rochdale town centre, via Drake Street and terminating opposite Rochdale Interchange opened on 31 March Untilthe borough's bus service was provided by the municipal operator Rochdale Corporation Transport which was merged into the SELNEC Passenger Transport Executive.
Rochdale's old bus station closed in November and was demolished in April along with the multi-storey car park and municipal offices known locally as 'The Black Box'to make way for the new Town Centre East retail and leisure development.
There are frequent bus services from Rochdale, operated by First Greater Manchesterto Middleton, Royton, Chadderton, Oldham, Ashton-under-Lyne, Bury and Bolton. Frequent services to Manchester city centre are provided by First Greater Manchester 's 17 overground service. There are cross-county services into Lancashire and West Yorkshire, provided by Rossowho operates to Rawtenstall and Accrington, First West Yorkshirewhich operates to Burnley and Halifax, both via Todmorden, while check this out service to Halifax via Ripponden is operated by Yorkshire Tiger.
Bibliography writer services united kingdom Hall College is a further education college with a campus in Rochdale. It offers vocational courses for school leavers, and courses for adult learners and some higher education. Rochdale Sixth Visit web page College opened in Septemberand is bibliography writer services united kingdom primary provider of A-Level courses in Rochdale and the wider Metropolitan Borough.
Most secondary schools in the area do not offer sixth form courses to students any more. St Chad 's Church was the mother church of the ancient ecclesiastical parish and was founded bibliography writer services united kingdompossibly on a Saxon site.
Much of the current building is the result of late Victorian restoration. A local legend relates that the site was chosen by spirits and fairies as on several occasions stone for the church building was moved from near the river to the hill on which St. The church is accessed from the town below by a flight of steps. Home Office policing in Rochdale is provided by Greater Manchester Police and the Rochdale Division has headquarters at Town Meadow adjacent to the Magistrates' Court.
Statutory emergency fire and rescue service is provided by the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Servicewhich has fire stations in Rochdale, Littleborough and Heywood. The Trust operates four hospitals in the North Manchester area, including the Rochdale Infirmary for the NHS. Patient transport is provided by the North West Ambulance Service.
Rochdale Infirmary is the only hospital serving the town since the closure of Birch Hill Hospital which occupied the former Rochdale Union Workhouse at Dearnley in Primary Care services in Rochdale are provided by the Heywood, Middleton and Rochdale NHS Primary Care Trust. There are no power stations in the town, but Scout Moor Bibliography writer services united kingdom Farm which has 26 turbines was built click here the high moors between Rawtenstall and Rochdale.
The wind farm generates 65 MW of electricity. Rochdale AFC were founded in and joined the Football League in when the new Football League Third Division north was created. However, the club reached the Football League Cup Final inand lost to Norwich City. Rochdale Hornets is one of the original twenty-two rugby clubs that formed the Northern Rugby Football Union inmaking it one of the world's first rugby league teams.
There are two adult amateur football leagues: the Rochdale Online Alliance League and the Rochdale and District Sunday Football League. Rochdale Sub-Aqua Club was formed in and remains active. Peter Collinswho won the World Championship was a Hornets rider. The 19th century saw several notable characters. Lancashire dialect poet Edwin Waugh — was born and brought up in the town. The aristocrat and poet George Gordon Byron was Lord Byron of Rochdale. Rochdale also has a proud liberal political bibliography writer services united kingdom, as shown by such people as John Brightone of the first Quakers to sit in the House of Commons; Samuel Bamfordthe radical and writer; and Rev.
Joseph Cookethe inspiration behind the Methodist Unitarian movement. In the 20th century, another prominent if now controversial political personality was Cyril Smith. Among Rochdale's residents have been several musicians, including singers Gracie FieldsLisa Stansfield born in Heywood and Barb Jungr and bands AutechreTractorthe Chameleonsthe Mock Turtles and the Cassandra Complex. Good Charlotte drummer Dean Butterworth also hails from Rochdale. Broadcasters John PeelMark ChapmanLiz and Andy Kershaw also have links with the town, Peel having lived there for a period of time and the latter three having been born there.
Actors Colin BakerAnna Friel and Bill Oddie were born in Rochdale. Don Estellewho here born and brought up in Crumpsalllived for much of continue reading life in Rochdale and was buried there in August Other notable residents include businessman and philanthropist Sir Peter Ogdennovelist Nicholas BlincoeMonica Coghlana prostitute caught up in bibliography writer services united kingdom Jeffrey Archer scandal, and the banker Rev.
Poet John Siddique was brought up in Rochdale and has referred to the town in several poems. Novelist Anna Jacobs was born in Rochdale. World Series of poker winner Jake Cody grew up in Rochdale. The footballer Earl Barrett was born there in April to Jamaican immigrant parents.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to bibliography writer services united kingdom confused with Rochedale disambiguation. Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester. Areas and suburbs of Rochdale. Main article: List of schools in Rochdale See also: List of churches in Greater Bibliography writer services united kingdom. Main article: List of people from Rochdale. Greater Manchester County Record Office.
Places names — O to R. Archived from bibliography writer services united kingdom original on 18 July Retrieved 9 July Retrieved 6 January Images of England: Rochdale. A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of Greater Manchester. Association for Industrial Archaeology. Retrieved 1 January Oxford University Press, Retrieved 14 September Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 1 March Archived from the original PDF on 9 January Retrieved 13 September Office for National Statistics.
KS01 Usual resident population. Retrieved 25 April KS13 Qualifications and students. Retrieved on 17 August Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 20 August Retrieved 12 September Retrieved 28 March Retrieved bibliography writer services united kingdom February Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 2 March Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 13 April Retrieved 13 February Ceremonial county of Greater Manchester Greater Manchester Portal.
Greater Manchester Combined Authority. Greater Manchester Statutory City Region. Mayor of Greater Manchester. Metropolitan Borough of Bolton.
Metropolitan Borough of Bury. Metropolitan Borough of Oldham. Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale. Metropolitan Borough of Stockport. Metropolitan Borough bibliography writer services united kingdom Tameside. Metropolitan Borough of Trafford. Metropolitan Borough of Wigan. See also: List of civil parishes in Greater Manchester. Parliamentary constituencies and Members of Parliament.
Population of major settlements. Grade I listed buildings. Not logged in Talk Contributions Http://buyhcginjections.co/esl-business-plan-ghostwriter-sites-for-masters.php account Log in. Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store. Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page.
Norden Whitworth Littleborough Heywood. Middleton Shaw and Crompton. Rochdale MB  Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rochdale.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rochdale.
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